CPSRC Seminar: Collision Free Navigation with Interacting, Non-Communicating Obstacles

Speaker Name: 
Mrdjan Jankovic
Speaker Title: 
Senior Technical Leader
Speaker Organization: 
Ford Research
Start Time: 
Tuesday, October 29, 2019 - 1:30pm
End Time: 
Tuesday, October 29, 2019 - 3:00pm
Location: 
E2-506
Organizer: 
Ricardo Sanfelice

Abstract:

This talk addresses navigation in an environment occupied by other interacting agents (e.g. vehicles, robots, pedestrians…) with no direct communication to one another.  In contrast to the path planning problem, the difficulty here is that agents cooperate and compete, creating feedback loops each only partially controls.  The talk starts with a very high level overview of two control design methods: Model Predictive Control (MPC) and Control Barrier Functions (CBF). The MPC is powerful, yet computationally expensive.  The CBF approach is computationally simpler and handles non-convex constraints gracefully, while, being recently introduced, is only partially understood. Performance of a CBF controller is illustrated with a real industrial robot avoiding a stationary cone.  The problem with interacting, non-communicating agents is much more difficult than avoiding stationary objects.  Each agent has only a portion of the information needed to find the optimal or even a feasible action.  Another difficulty is that, unless other agents are treated as non-interacting, the computational burden grows quickly with the number of agents.  Additionally, this talk reviews these approaches: CBFs, Mixed Integer Programming, and Reinforcement Learning. In simulations, a CBF-based approach developed in-house showed good performance in avoiding collisions, not only when all the agents are implementing the same algorithm, but also when an agent becomes non-interacting or is even actively pursuing another agent.  The computational load remains reasonable with each agent, as the host is able to handle up to about 20-25 interacting targets on a 3GHz computer.
 

Bio:

Mrdjan Jankovic received his doctoral degree from Washington University, St. Louis in 1992.  He held postdoctoral positions with Washington University and UC Santa Barbara, before joining Ford in 1995.  He is currently a Senior Technical Leader at Ford Research, working on the development of control technologies for powertrain and driver assist applications.  Dr. Jankovic co-authored one book, four book chapters, and more than 100 technical papers.  He is a co-inventor on more than 80 US patents, with more than 20 used in Ford products.  He received AACC Control Engineering Practice Award, IEEE Control Systems Technology Award, Ford’s prestigious Dr. Haren Gandhi Research and Innovation Award, and best paper awards from IEEE, SAE, and AVEC. Dr. Jankovic is a Fellow of the IEEE.
 
Event Type: 
Event